How Different Countries Celebrate Children’s Day

One of my favourite days back in my Kindergarten and Primary School Days- Children’s Day. It is a day recognised to celebrate for children. However, Children’s Day is celebrated on various calendar dates in different countries. Find out how different countries celebrate Children’s Day.

Singapore used to celebrate Children‘s Day on 1 October but from 2011, Children’s Day was celebrated on the First Friday of October. In Singapore, all children will have to sing this during the Children’s Day Celebration in School. The Ministry of Education has a Children’s Day song composed by the composer of Zubir Said (also the composer of the national anthem)- Semoga Bahagia.

Semoga Bahagia

Sama-sama maju ke hadapan
Pandai cari pelajaran
Jaga diri dalam kesihatan
Serta sopan-santun dengan kawan-kawan
Dengan hati bersih serta suci
Sama-sama hormat dan berbudi
Jaga tingkah pemuda-pemudi
Adat dan budaya junjung tinggi
Capailah lekas cita-cita pemudi-pemuda
Supaya kita ada harga di mata dunia
Kalau kita lengah serta lupa
Hidup kita sia-sia
Jiwa besar sihat serta segar
Rajin dengan sabar tentu bahagia
Lemah lembut perangai pemudi
Cergas tangkas wataknya pemuda
Suka rela selalu berbakti
Sikap yang pembela dan berjasa
Capailah nama yang mulia pemudi-pemuda
Rajinlah supaya berjaya semoga bahagia

China

In China,  Children’s Day is celebrated on 1 June and is formally known as “the June 1 International Children’s Day” When the People’s Republic of China was first established in 1949, the State Council (Cabinet) designated a half-day holiday for all primary schools on 1 June. This was later made into a full day’s break in 1956 with The Announcement by the State Council to make 1 June Children’s Day a One-Day Holiday. Schools usually hold activities such as children’s performances, camping trips, or free movies on Children’s Day or the day before to allow students to have fun. Children of civil servants might also receive small gifts from the government until they are fourteen, and Civil servants who have children sometimes have a half-day holiday on 1 June to spend more time with their children.

India

In India, Children’s Day is celebrated on 14 November, on the birthday of the first Prime Minister of independent India, who was fondly called Chacha Nehru (Uncle Nehru) or Chachaji (Uncle), and who emphasized the importance of giving love and affection to children, to give him tribute. After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru on May 27, 1964, it was unanimously decided to celebrate his birthday as Bal Diwas or Children’s Day in India.
On this day, many schools organize fun activities for students such as games, competitions, museum or zoo visits etc. Additionally, government and non-government organizations, NGOs, private bodies and others (like housing societies) conduct a variety of competitions as well as events for the children to let them known about their rights and make them happy and cheer. TV channels also air interesting programs for the children on 14th of November. Parents take part in this event very enthusiastically to make their children happy; they distribute sweets, greeting cards to their sons and daughters. They go on a picnic, long drive and enjoy the day with their children.

Japan

Japan’s Children’s Day (こどもの日) is celebrated on 5 May, a National Holiday since 1948, to celebrate the happiness of all children and to express gratitude toward mothers. There is a long tradition, from the 8th century, to celebrate children’s day twice a year; 3 March for girls and on 5 May for boys. On 3 March, also known as the Doll Festival, Japanese people decorate their households with traditional Heian Period doll sets and plum blossom and drink Amazake. On 5 May, also known as 端午の節句 (tango-no sekku), they fly carp streamers outside, display Samurai dolls, and eat chimaki.

Philippines


Children’s Day was established on 20 November as a holiday in 1992.

South Korea

In South Korea, May 5 is officially recognized as Children’s Day (어린이날). Parents often give presents to their children, as well as spend time with them. The children are taken on excursions to zoos, museums, and various venues of children-oriented entertainment. Children’s Day was first conceived by innovative Korean students and social leaders on the basis of the March 1st Movement to achieve Korean independence from Japanese colonialism. 

Taiwan

Taiwan designated 4 April as Children’s Day. The holiday dates back to 1931 and since then schools often hold special activities in order to celebrate the occasion. Because of pressure from parents demanding to accompany their children in the celebration, Taiwan celebrated Women’s Day together with Children’s Day on 4 April 1991.It has been a public holiday of Taiwan, ROC since 2011.

Thailand

Thailand National Children’s Day (In Thai: วันเด็กแห่งชาติ) is celebrated on the second Saturday in January. Known as “Wan Dek” in Thailand, Children’s Day is celebrated to give children the opportunity to have fun and to create awareness about their significant role towards the development of the country. It was established as a holiday in 1955.

There is also a Thai saying that says, “Children are the future of the nation, if the children are intelligent, the country will be prosperous.”

The United States of America

Children’s Day observations in the United States predate both Mother’s and Father’s Day, though a permanent annual single Children’s Day observation is not made at the national level. On 23 April 2011, Executive of King County, WA declared 23 April as the International Children’s Day. But the dates for Children’s Day differ. 

2015: 2 August

2016: 15 August

2017: 30 June

2018: 26 June

2019: 11 June

2020: 16 September

 

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